Architrave: All sides, including the vertical members, of a frame with mouldings around a door or window. The word architrave is also used to refer more generally to a style of [mouldings](or other elements) framing the top of a door, window or other rectangular opening, where the horizontal “head” casing extends across the tops of the vertical side casings where the elements join (creating a [butt joint], as opposed to a [miter joint).
Beam & Block: Beam and block flooring is the traditional and cost effective suspended flooring system for ground and upper floors in domestic and commercial applications. The system is quick and easy to install and is made up of pre-stressed, inverted ‘T’ beams infilled with standard building blocks.
Dado Rail: A dado rail, also known as a chair rail, is a type of moulding fixed horizontally to the wall around the perimeter of a room.
Damp Proof Course: A type of moisture control applied to building walls and floors to prevent moisture from passing into the interior spaces.
Engineered Wood: Also called composite wood, man-made wood, or manufactured board, includes a range of derivative wood products which are manufactured by binding or fixing the strands, particles, fibers, or veneers or boards of wood, together with adhesives, or other methods of fixation to form composite materials. These products are engineered to precise design specifications which are tested to meet national or international standards. Engineered wood products are used in a variety of applications, from home construction to commercial buildings to industrial products. The products can be used for joists and beams that replace steel in many building projects.
Fascia Boards: An architectural term for a vertical frieze or band under a roof edge, or which forms the outer surface of a cornice, visible to an observer.
Laminate Flooring: Also called floating wood tile in the United States) is a multi-layer synthetic flooring product fused together with a laminationprocess. Laminate flooring simulates wood (or sometimes stone) with a photographic applique layer under a clear protective layer. The inner core layer is usually composed of melamine resin and fiber board materials.
Lintel: A lintel or lintol is a structural horizontal block that spans the space or opening between two vertical supports. It can be a decorative architectural element, or a combined ornamented structural item. It is often found over portals, doors, windows and fireplaces.
Moulding: Also known as coving is a strip of material with various profiles used to cover transitions between surfaces or for decoration. It is traditionally made from solid milled wood or plaster, but may be made from plastic or reformed wood. In classical architecture and sculpture, the molding is often carved in marble or other stones.
Rebar: A reinforcing steel bar or mesh of steel wires used as a tension device in reinforced concrete and reinforced masonry structures to strengthen and hold the concrete in tension. Rebar’s surface is often patterned to form a better bond with the concrete.
RSJ: Also called an I-beam, an H-beam (for Universal Column, UC), W-beam (for “wide flange”), Universal Beam (UB), Rolled Steel Joist (RSJ), or double-T, is a beam with an I or H-shaped cross-section. The horizontal elements of the “I” are known as flanges, while the vertical element is termed the “web”. I-beams are usually made of structural steel and are used in construction and civil engineering.